The Sommers family has worked a cattle ranch in the Upper Green River Valley of Wyoming for generations.
But over the past few decades, Albert Sommers has watched as much of the privately held land in their region changed hands and fragmented, becoming sites for homes and energy development.
As those working landscapes broke apart, so did Albert’s once tight-knit ranching community. “My friends aren’t here. My neighbor is not here anymore. It’s just kind of fragments,” he said.
About 10 years ago, Albert and his family began hatching a plan to preserve the open land. He reached out to state wildlife officials and members of the local ranching community, letting everyone know his family had decided to pursue conservation easements. Their goal, he said, was to “make sure that this ranch would be suitable for agriculture and wildlife in perpetuity.”
Maggie Miller, a neighboring rancher, joined the Sommers family to launch what would become the Sommers Grindstone Conservation Project. The ranchers hoped to jointly preserve 19,000 acres, bordered on both sides by already protected, federal land. They also looked at the Green River itself, the lifeblood of the ranching community and a critical resource for wildlife.
The Sommers Grindstone Conservation Project took a major leap forward when it won a grant from Acres for America, a program established by Walmart and the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation. Acres for America began in 2005, when Walmart made a commitment of $35 million to purchase and preserve one acre of wildlife habitat in the United States for every acre of land developed by the company, at the time projected to be about 138,000 acres.
conservation efforts such as the Sommers Grindstone Conservation Project, Acres
for America has grown into one of the most effective public-private
partnerships in the history of U.S. conservation efforts. In its first 10
years, the program has funded 61 projects in 33 states, the District of
Columbia and Puerto Rico. Acres for America has far surpassed its initial goal,
with more than 1 million acres protected — an area comparable in size to Grand
Canyon National Park. And today, Walmart renewed its support,
announcing $35 million toward the program’s preservation and restoration
efforts for the next 10 years.
Acres for America’s impact is particularly beneficial in the American West, where residential development and fragmentation of privately held ranches have disrupted wildlife migration corridors and degraded critical wildlife habitat along precious waterways.
“These big expanses of sage brush, a lot of them in the western United States are federal lands,” Albert said. “But the river corridors where everything concentrates — where the wildlife concentrates and the cattle concentrate — are very important lands, and those are owned by ranchers. So you hope that by conserving those ranches, you conserve and preserve that opportunity for wildlife. It’s all about preservation of landscape, because without the entire landscape, wildlife can’t function, and without the entire landscape, we as ranchers can’t function. So we’re kind of in this arm and arm together, though sometimes we all don’t know it.”
The conservation of ranches such as the Sommers and Grindstone provides immediate and long-lasting benefits to a range of important wildlife species, including sage grouse, mule deer, pronghorn, moose, long-billed curlews, sandhill cranes, trumpeter swans, boreal chorus frog, mountain whitefish and cutthroat trout. On the Sommers Ranch, the public also gained access to the river, with an expanded fishing access program that aims to be compatible with the ranching uses of the property.
Conservation efforts such as the Sommers Grindstone Conservation Project are also meant to preserve habitats for another dwindling resident – the American rancher.
“By doing this, I hope we’re bringing in another generation that’s going to take over this ranch,” Albert said. "My hope is that we can continue that culture and continue that agriculture on the landscape.”