Bureau Veritas and the assessment process
As part of the effort to reform the ready-made garment industry in Bangladesh, Walmart contracted with Bureau Veritas to conduct electrical, fire and building safety assessments at 100% of the factories in Bangladesh that directly produce products for sale at Walmart.
Through our work with the Alliance for Bangladesh Worker Safety, funds are available (if needed) to help factory owners make needed remediations and to support workers who may be temporarily displaced by remediation projects. More information on these funds, as well as the Alliance and its programs can be found here.
Bureau Veritas (BV) is a world leader in assessment and certification services with more than 180 years of experience in testing assessment and certification. They are accredited by major national and international organizations, with more than 60,000 employees and 1,330 offices and labs in 140 countries, including Bangladesh.
BV’s assessment professionals possess technical expertise in, fire, building and electrical safety. These teams use their skills and tools to identify unsafe factory conditions such as improper wiring, hot spots in electrical systems and building structural issues.
In addition, during this assessment process BV’s engineers also provide fire safety training to management and certain employees including supervisors, designated fire marshals, fire brigade members and security personnel who in turn provide training to the entire factory population.
If an immediate risk to worker safety is identified at any time during the factory assessment process, Walmart will immediately order suppliers to stop production of Walmart merchandise at the facility; notify the factory owner, Bangladesh Garment and Manufacturing Export Association (BGMEA) and government authorities of the need to take action; and require remediation before production is allowed to resume. Transparency is vital to reform and helps all stakeholders understand and address factory conditions. Walmart is posting results below of the enhanced safety assessments in order to provide information to partners committed to real change.
The Assessment Process:
Phase 1 – Safety Risk Pre-AssessmentDuring Phase 1, a team of experienced
engineers from BV conducts an initial safety risk assessment focusing on issues
that pose immediate risk to worker safety.
This assessment takes 1-2 days and consists of the following:
- Reviewing the factory’s plans, licenses and permits to identify any illegal or inappropriate construction or building additions.
- Reviewing the electrical system for issues that could produce hot spots through overheating of electrical wires or other sources of ignition.
- Conducting a thorough visual assessment of potential fire and building safety issues.
- Interviewing factory management regarding compliance with safety standards and regulatory requirements.
- Examining building construction and organization and identifying areas that could present risks to emergency responses.
Based on the results of these steps, the engineers:
- Identify urgent risks to worker safety. If found, Walmart will immediately take action by ordering suppliers to stop production of Walmart merchandise at the facility; notifying the factory owner, Bangladesh Garment and Manufacturing Export Association (BGMEA) and government authorities of the need to take action; and requiring remediation before production is allowed to resume.
- Identify critical safety issues and specify needed remediation projects. Factory owners will then carry out a remediation plan.
- Prioritize factories for more in-depth assessments based on the severity of issues found.
Phase 2 – Initial Electrical and Building Safety Assessment
2, BV conducts detailed electrical and building safety risk assessment with the
goal of identifying safety issues. A team of experienced professionals,
including civil and electrical engineers, (typically 6 to 8 per team) conducts
the assessment over an 8- to 20-day period that consists of the following:
- Building design review:
- Confirmation of approved building design and verification of civil design compared to major dimensions of existing building construction.
- Review of building utilization permits.
- Review of permit compliance with local legislation.
- Review of exit routes, fire detection systems and response elements, including sprinkler systems and fire mains.
Facility overview and factory management meetings.
Building structural integrity visual assessment.
- Electrical load testing:
- Measurement of circuit parameters including voltage, current, insulation, and leakage to identify system performance. Identify existing or upcoming risks.
- Review of circuit load in relation to system protections to identify the degree of protection against overload and hot spots.
- Factory walls and electrical systems thermal imaging.
- Local legislation and global standards compliance review.
- Factory management review of assessment report.
At the end of this detailed Phase 2 assessment, the BV engineers prepare a report with a comprehensive evaluation of the factory’s electrical and building safety risks, including photos of potentially unsafe conditions, thermal photos of hot spots, detailed electricity measurements and a complete account of electrical and fire safety features.
The Phase 2 report assigns a score for each deficiency identified by the engineers and a total score for the factory based on the number and severity of issues identified and the building’s square footage. The report is provided to Walmart and the factory, and is divided into three segments: electrical safety, building safety and fire training services.
1. Electrical Safety
The electrical section of the Phase 2 report includes an evaluation of the electrical system for the factory from the electrical source to the final electric outlet or load point, using thermal imagery to search for unsafe conditions such as hot spots. The report also measures the system’s electrical current and voltage to assess circuit performance, insulation and leakage to identify issues and the degree of protection against overload.
2. Building Safety
The building safety section of the Phase 2 report includes a visual assessment of the building for evidence of the following: structural distress, compliance with local laws regarding evacuation routes, fire detection systems, fire response elements, building design and construction and permitting.
A report from an approved civil engineer proving that the factory has resolved the structural integrity issues is also required for factories where issues have been identified.
3. Fire Safety
The fire safety section of the Phase 2 report includes an analysis of employee understanding and awareness of: fire safety hazards, knowledge of escape routes, firefighting equipment and methods, emergency response procedures and other fire safety awareness issues. The report outlines these issues and recommends improvements to the existing factory fire safety training program.
As part of Phase 2, BV engineers also provide fire safety training to management and certain employees including supervisors, designated fire marshals, fire brigade members, and security personnel who in turn provide training to the entire factory population.
During Phase 3, an engineering team from BV
returns to the factory to verify that the required remediation from Phase
2 were made. Following this assessment, BV will issue a follow-up report
outlining the factory’s progress and key issues that are still in the process
of being remediated.
Phase 3 – First Follow-up Assessment
During Phase 4, an independent inspector from
BV will return to the factory to verify that the outstanding issues identified have
Phase 4 - Second Follow-up Assessment
Below are reports that summarize the Phase 3 follow-up assessment results that include initial safety scores, status at the time of the review, and factory safety improvement scores. All factories on this list have also undergone and passed our standard social assessments. We will continue to add to this list as factory reports are completed.4 YOU CLOTHING LTD AND FASHION 2000 LTD
ABONI KNITWEAR LTD
ACS TEXTILES (BANGLADESH) LTD. & ACS Towel Limited
ARUNIMA SPORTSWEAR LTD
ASWAD COMPOSITE MILLS LTD.
ATS Pearl Ltd
AYESHA CLOTHING CO. LTD. & AYESHA WASHING LTD
BSA Fashion LTD
B.S.A GARMENTS INDUSTRY (PVT) LTD, VANGUARD GARMENTS LTD & VANGUARD FASHION LTD
BABYLON GARMENTS LTD
BIRDS A & Z LTD
BIRDS GARMENTS LTD-UNIT 2, BIRDS FADREX LTD AND BIRDS RNR FASHIONS LTD.
BOHEMIAN TRAVEL GEAR LIMITED
DAF ACCESSORIES LTD DHAKA
DANA SWEATER INDUSTRIES LTD
DENIM PLUS (BD) LTD
DESIGN MAKER & RANL DESIGNERS LTD
DIPTA GARMENTS LIMITED
ETTADE JEANS LTD
EUSEBIO SPORTING (BD) LTD.
EVER FASHION TONGI LTD
FAMILYTEX (BD) LTD
FAR EAST KNITTING AND DYEING IND LTD
FARIHA KNIT TEX LTD
FARMIN FASHION DESIGN LTD
INTERLINK APPARELS LTD
INTERNATIONAL CLASSIC COMPOSITE LTD AND MAGNUM BD (PVT) LTD
INTEX LINK GARMENTS (BD) LTD
INTIMATE APPARELS LTD
JINNAT FASHIONS LTD, Jinnat Knitwears Ltd & Matin Knitwears Ltd, Jinnat Apparels Ltd & Flaming Fashions
KDS GARMENTS INDUSTRIES LTD & KDS EMBROIDERY LTD
KDS Poly Ind. Ltd.
KIMIA APPARELS IND. LTD,SUNSEEDS APP.,EDEN APP.,KIMIA GNTS IND,KIMIA EMBROIDERY
KNIT And KNITEX (PVC) Ltd
LIBERTY POLY ZONE (BD) LIMITED
LIZ FASHION INDUSTRY LTD
LLANO (BD) Ltd
LOYAL TEX Ltd.
M/S CREATIVE SHIRTS LTD. (UNIT- 2)
MAHDEEN SWEATERS LTD
MASCOT KNITS LIMITED;MASCOT GARMENTS LTD & MASCOT FASHION LTD
MATRIX SWEATERS LTD
MEDITEX INDUSTRIES LTD
MILLENNIUM TEXTILE LTD(Southern)
MITALI FASHIONS Ltd
MODISTE (BANGLADESH) LTD
MODISTE (CEPZ) LTD.
MOHAMMADI KNIT STAR
MOHARA ASIAN APPARELS LTD
N.K.K KNITWEAR LTD
NABA EXPORTS Ltd.
NASSA KNIT LTD,N. WASH,N. APP.LTD U-2,STARLIGHT KNITWEAR U-2,WESTERN DRESSES U-2
NEEDLE DROP Ltd.
NEO FASHION, VERTEX WEAR LTD AND DRESS WORLD LTD
NIPA FASHION WEAR IND LTD & SELINA APPARELS LTD
ONUS GARMENT LTD,CITADEL APP LTD,Onus Dsgn Ltd,Odyssey Dresses Ltd& O Polypck Ltd
P.N. COMPOSITE LIMITED
PADMA WEARS LTD.
PKG- PAXAR BANGLADESH LIMITED
PKG-BABYLON TRIMS Ltd.
PKG-KDS ACCESSORIES Ltd,KDS Cotton Poly Thread Ind. Ltd &KDS Screen Printing Ltd
PKG-M & U PACKAGING Ltd
PKG-NATIVE PACKAGES LTD. & NASSA WASH LTD. (UNIT-2)
PKG-RELIANCE BOX INDUSTRIES LTD
PKG-R-PAC BANGLADESH PACKAGING Co. Ltd.
PKG-THANBEE PRINT WORLD Ltd. & PARKWAY PACKAGING & PRINTING Ltd.
PRO-STAR INDUSTRIAL COMPANY LTD
RABAB FASHION INDUSTRY
RAJ WASHING PLANT LTD
RATOOL APPARELS LTD
RDM APPARELS LTD.
REGENCY GARMENTS LTD
REGENCY THREE LTD
STERLING STYLES LIMITED
SUN CHERRY BODY FASHIONS Mfty. Ltd.
SUPREME STITCH LTD
THIANIS APPARELS Ltd
UNI GARMENTS LTD.
WALTZ FASHIONS LTD
WASH LINE Ltd.
WEAR MAG, TIP TOP FASHIONS, ADHUNIK POSHAK SHILPA, CRAZY FASHION, KAZIPUR FASHION LTD
WELFORM APPARELS LTD
WELL GROUP LTD
WISTERIA TEXTILES LTD
YOUNG LABELS Ltd.
ZABER & ZUBAIR FABRICS LIMITED
ZAHIN TEX INDUSTRIES LTD.
ZSB GARMENTS LTD.